The biggest impact on humanity was the stone age era. This imprinted a way of living that became our default setting. It can be said that the only real difference now is advanced technology. Our reactions to other humans has not really changed and it is a constant struggle for our logical side to compete with our emotions. Also social animals need a common purpose to survive and this gives rise to leaders that mainly unite the pack. Of course this can be distorted by greed, insanity and hereditary mismanagement. This in-built hierarchical tendency can lead to stability or conflict. Democracy came late in our history but as the saying goes – the weak shall inherit the earth but the strong keep contesting the will.

The new age of digital splendour seemed to offer a level field for all persons but so far it has not happened, this may change as individuals realise their own power and demand more. Unfortunately history has shown us that most people just want to get on with their lives and are not interested in high office but would rather spend time with their family. Although it is easy to attack leaders about their decisions and practices, it is not an easy choice to deal with multiple citizens/workers with the many options and vested interest that exists in the real world. An example would be watching US presidents turn grey before your eyes. The constant harassment and looking over your shoulder can become very wearing, even a dictator can be felled.


A centralised hegemony where decisions are made at the top level. China has adopted this course but as its populace becomes better paid and educated, the difference between the rich and poor could lead to civil war. The growth necessary to keep the country stable can not be sustained for ever and a back slide will affect the rich and poor in different ways, neither of them good. A regional/federal approach such is present in the USA but more workable in such countries as Switzerland. The upside of this approach is that a more equitable solution to the distribution of wealth is possible but it still seems to end up in the same sticky hands. Also competition between areas can distort the balance of live expectancy and labour. The already mentioned – true democracy. This would be the ideal scenario and could work for small communities but millions of people cannot agree on what to have for dinner, never mind running a country. Resources are limited in the real world and ever since life began, organisms have fought for dominance and energy. The very essence of our genes is to produce more of them and discord creates a better entity. Like it or not, conflict is what we are built on.


The use of the UK is not used here as it may not survive for many years in its present form. The return of Scotland as an independent country, the absorption of Northern Ireland into the South with the strife that would go with it. To be honest having lived in both countries I was constantly informed that the Republic did not want them but West Germany, for all its rhetoric, did not want the East. My own birthplace of Wales would stay with the English as they they are not interested in division.

England could be in an unique position once it leaves EU in having a relatively good economy, a stable state and a presence in the world above its actual importance. Having run most of the world once it has a great grasp of realpolitik and being sneaky. The regional approach by county could actually work for the EW (England & Wales). There is already a great deal of pressure to spread the finances and infrastructure around and refresh the ingenuity and grit of the ‘lost’ parts of the country.

Energy-as-a service -

The accumulation of services under the big IT suppliers is developing at a fast rate. In the UK, most of the Big Six energy suppliers have developed or acquired companies offering new services. Centrica, for example, in 2015 bought AlertMe, a smart tech company that provides energy and home-monitoring hardware and services, and Panoramic Power, which helps companies improve their operational efficiency. These companies are facing competition from outsiders, including Google, with its Nest offering, as well as startups, such as WATTY and ONZO. There are many companies looking to move into this sub-sector because digitalisation allows them to aggregate and control assets, resources and demand in a way that previously wasn’t possible. There are many companies looking to move into this sub-sector because digitalisation allows them to aggregate and control assets, resources and demand in a way that previously wasn’t possible.

Regional voting -

Parliament may be replaced or reduced by a more powerful regional apparatus that has a more focused approach to local issues. It could have a more independent finance spend with a loose framework that sets a boundary that would affect all parts of the EW.

Power bases -

Large companies aligned with universities could even more become the new thinking and design centres in the near future. The synergy of intelligence and cash could produce new technology centres that could hold their own with many others in the world. Silicon Valley has shown that the smart guys go where the money and oppurtunities lie. Sprawling cities may not be goal of new regions but more amenable and available accomodation and a more pastoral but vibrant life style. The past has shown that brains attract brains.